Red Wine Solaia - by Piero Antinori


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Solaia - by Piero Antinori
  • Blend 5% Cabernet Franc, 75% Cabernet Sauvignon, 20% Sangiovese
  • Country Italy
  • Region Tuscany
  • UPC 0 15643 49971 5
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Robert Parker 95
Wine Spectator 93
James Suckling 97
Wine Enthusiast 97
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Technical Info


A year characterized initially by a mild and pleasant autumn with normal temperatures and little rainfall. Winter was cold and with adequate rains for the period. Spring began with rather cool and dry weather, to the point that the normal phases of the growing season, first the bud burst and, more importantly, flowering took place slightly later than, on average, recent vintages. Ample precipitation, instead, fell in April and May, fundamental in assisting the vineyard in sustaining the lengthy dry spell which, beginning in June and lasting all the way through the month of August, conditioned the growth and development of the vines, both in terms of the canopy and of the size and weight of the bunches and berries. The long-awaited rains of late August were essential in balancing plant growth, allowing all the different varieties to continue the ripening of their grapes. The months of September and October, both mild in their temperatures and rather rainy, allowed the crop to fully ripen both in terms of sugar and aroma and in tannins and structure as well. The harvest was concentrated in the period between September 25th and October 10th and required careful and precise selection both of the bunches during picking and of the berries during the selection process on the sorting tables in the cellar.

Historical data

Solaia is a 50 acre (20 hectare), southwest-exposed vineyard of the Tignanello estate situated between 1150 and 1320 feet (350-400 meters) above sea level on stony soils consisting of calcareous clays and limestone rock. The Marchesi Antinori produced this wine for the first time in the 1978 vintage with a blend consisting of 80% Cbernet Sauvignon and 20% Cabernet Franc, repeating the initial production in 1979. In the following vintages 20% of Sangiovese became part of the blend and certain corrections in the ratio of Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc were made as well until the current composition of the blend was defined and became definitive. Solaia is produced only in high level vintages and was not produced in 1980, 1981, 1983,1984, and 1992.


The climatic conditions of 2012 required a constant and careful process of selection of the grapes both during the growing season and during the harvest; the Solaia grapes were picked solely by hand and separately, variety by variety, as well, taking into account, additionally, the many variable factors linked to terroir such as the conditions of the soil, the different altitude of the various vineyard parcels, and the different character created by the ripening process itself. Once in the cellar, the grapes were delicately destemmed and the individual berries, before being pressed, carefully selected on the sorting tables: here attention to detail was at its maximum, as it is of fundamental importance that only perfect grapes end up in the 1600 gallon (6000 liter), conical fermenting tanks. During the fermentation the period of skin contact, the must was slowly transformed into wine; in a vintage such as 2012 it was essential to give maximum attention to the conservation of freshness and aroma without sacrificing extraction of color and the management of tannins, necessarily supple and elegant. All of this required great sensitivity, a thorough understanding of the grapes themselves, and a constant attention to the wine, which was only run off its skins after attentive daily tasting. Once the wine was separated from its skins, the focus turned to the malolactic fermentation which, carried out in oak barrels, added additional finesse and drinking pleasure to the wine. Only then could the aging process, one which took place in new French oak barrels and lasted approximately 18 months, begin. During this period, the various lots, fermented separately on the basis of their variety and the viticultural variables of their source, matured in oak and were finally blended together a few months before the bottling, carried out at the estate itself.

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